четверг, 18 июля 2013 г.

Fire and Power!

At Russia Arms EXPO 2013 (RAE 2013), the IX International Exhibition of Arms, Military Equipment, and Ammunition, the Omsk-based Design Bureau of Transport Machinery will present combat vehicles that make up the TOS-1A heavy flamethrower system.
The TOS-1A heavy flamethrower system is designed to provide fire support for infantry and armor and destroying personnel and entrenchments, as well as armor and combat vehicles, in various kinds of offensive and defensive action. The system is used by the CBRN (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Defense) forces of the Russian Army.


The TOS-1A consists of a total of three combat vehicles: the BM-1 launch vehicle and two TZM-T resupply vehicles, all three mounted on a tank chassis.
The BM-1 fires 220-mm unguided rockets from a rotating and tilting platform with 24 launching tubes. An important feature of the BM-1 is its great accuracy and automatic ballistic computer. Depending on the situation, the system can fire single rockets or pairs of rockets from two barrels at once. Full salvo is fired in 6 seconds, and maximum range is 6 kilometers. The machine can be readied to fire at a visible target in 90 seconds from coming to a full stop. Even less time – up to 50 seconds – is required to leave the area after firing.
The tank chassis gives the BM-1 tactical mobility and armor protection on par with those of a tank, and allows the machine to occupy advantageous firing positions quickly. Built-in bulldozer equipment for self-entrenching enhances the system's combat survivability. Manned by a crew of three – commander, gun operator, and driver – the BM-1 is fitted with a collective crew protection system from weapons of mass destruction, including its chemical and nuclear varieties. The BM-1 weighs in at 44.3 tons and develops a top speed of 60 km/h.
The TOS-1A system saw combat as part of the 40 Army in Afghanistan and the Chechen Republic.
The other important part of the combat group is the TZM-T resupply vehicle, which is essentially a set of reloading and unloading devices mounted on a T-72A tank chassis. Its telescope crane lifts up to 1000 kg, and the total loading time is no more than 24 minutes. The TZM-T is equipped with a thermal smoke device capable of setting up a solid smoke screen of up to 250-400 meters.
The TZM-T is manned by a crew of three – commander, operator, and driver. With a weight of 3 tons, it develops a top speed of 60 km/h. It shares its power plant, electric system, and fire extinguishing and WMD protection systems with the BM-1 module, as well as the built-in bulldozer equipment.
The system is built by the Design Bureau of Transport Machinery, part of the Uralvagonzavod Corporation. The Bureau specializes in the design and production of combat and engineering equipment of various types, double-purpose products, equipment for the oil and gas industry, and carbon and manganese castings. Since 1958, upon orders of Russia's Defense Ministry, the Bureau has completed over 85 research and development projects, with over 40 types of armored vehicles accepted by the Armed Forces.

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